How to Build a small Wood Stove?

Building small wood stove is a great project that can be done by anyone. They are an excellent way to keep warm in the winter and provide cooking heat for your kitchen. This guide will show you how to build small wood stove step-by-step, so you can do it yourself!

In this small wood stove build guide, you’ll learn the basics of how to build a small wood stove from scratch. We’ll cover everything from what materials you need for building your small wood stove, to the tools that will be required. If you’re looking for a great way to heat your home on those cold winter days and nights and reduce your heating bills at the same time, then this small Wood Stove Build Guide is perfect for you!stove

What is a Wood Stove?

A small wood stove is a heating device that uses fire to heat up an enclosed space.

There are different types of small stoves, including:

  • freestanding stoves
  • non self-supporting stove inserts (requires existing fireplace)
  • prefabricated metal room insert units (already assembled and ready to install)
  • manufactured fireplaces (already assembled and ready to install)
  • fireplace inserts (requires existing fireplace).

A small stove can be an alternative for heating your home that is cheaper than using a furnace. It will also give you the opportunity of saving money by cutting down on fuel bills, which are much more expensive than heating with small stove.

A small wood stove is also an eco-friendly way to heat your home and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, such as CO (carbon monoxide), NOx (nitrogen oxides) and PM (particulate matter). The smoke coming out of the chimney contains carbon dioxide that plants need in order to grow.

The small stove will also give your home a nice and warm feeling. Wood stoves can be an attractive addition to the decor of any room, as most small wood stoves are made out of cast iron or steel with various designs that vary from country to country.

However, you need to remember that operating a small stove is not exactly easy. You must know how to properly operate small stove in order not to waste fuel, emit more smoke than necessary and cause carbon monoxide poisoning. Read the following guide for more information on small stoves operation tips or contact a professional if you are unsure about anything.

Benefits of Wood Burning Heaters

Wood burning stoves are small furnaces that people use in order to keep their homes and buildings warm. The small combustion chambers mean that the fires will never become too big, like traditional wood-burning fireplaces tend to do. Because they’re small and efficient, it means that less fuel is required when compared to larger appliances such as central heating systems.

  • By using small wood-burning stoves, it allows people to maintain a small and safe space in which they can keep the fire contained within. It also means that you don’t have all of that excess heat escaping into your home when compared with traditional open fires or even larger appliances such as boilers and electric heating systems.
  • Different types of small wood-burning stoves can be used in order to provide heating for small homes or commercial buildings. They are small enough that they can easily fit into any space, but also efficient and stylish at the same time. Using small wood burning heaters is a great way of saving money on your energy bills as well as saving fuel due to their small size.
  • Benefits of Wood Burning Heaters – small furnaces that people use in order to keep homes and buildings warm – small combustion chambers mean less fuel required when compared to larger appliances such as central heating systems – small wood burning stoves allow you to contain the fire within a safe space, while also allowing excess heat escape into your home – small wood-burning heaters is a great way of saving money on energy bills as well as fuel due to small size.

How to Build a Small Wood Stove?

What You’ll Need:

  • small metal box (the size of a small briefcase)
  • perlite, vermiculite or activated charcoal (optional)
  • small ventilation system and chimney (if you want to make it functional as well). A small length of pipe and an old coffee can. Also something like a small tube, which can fit inside the pipe.
  • saw or grinder to cut your metal box and coffee cans
  • drill press (or an electric drill) with small bit for making holes in your small metal box. Also a larger diameter piece of wood that fits into the hole you’re drilling
  • The first step is to build a small metal box. Take an empty small coffee can and cut it lengthwise, so you have two pieces of the same size. Drill small holes every few centimeters on both sides of your small metal box (if you want to make your stove functional as well).
  • The second step is optional: fill up half of the bottom with perlite, small vermiculite or activated charcoal. This will help the small stove burn more efficient and evenly.
  • The third step is to drill a hole in your small metal box. The diameter of this hole should fit snugly with one end of your ventilation system (a small pipe). Drill several holes on both sides near the center on the small metal box.
  • The fourth step is to drill small holes on the bottom of your small stove, around an inch away from each other (the distance may vary depending on what material you use for the burn platform). The small diameter piece of wood should fit snugly into these holes if they are drilled correctly. This will serve as a small platform for your small stove to rest on.
  • The fifth step is optional: if you chosen to drill small holes in the bottom of your small metal box, then use a saw or grinder and cut an X into these small holes so that they are deeper than where they’re drilled from (you can’t just drill through the whole way because small metal box is very thin, and you need to drill small holes on the bottom of your small stove too).
  • The sixth step is optional: if you’re going to make it functional as well, then take a coffee can with an end cut off. Drill small holes in the side that doesn’t have any opening (the same amount as the small holes on the side of your small metal box). This will serve as a small stove pipe that can be put into one end of your ventilation system.
  • The seventh step is to cut some pieces off your small metal box so you have enough room for two or three small perforated areas where hot air can exit out (you may want to measure them according to your small metal box and make sure they’re around the same size).
  • The eighth step is optional: if you decided not drill small holes in the bottom of your small stove, then take a small grate or wire mesh (just enough so it fits inside) and place on top of those small perforated areas.
  • The ninth step is to take small pieces of your small metal box and insert them into the holes you drilled on both sides (if any). These small pieces of metal will keep it together, but still allow air flow through all small perforated areas. This also serves as a support for your small stove so that it doesn’t just fall through.
  • The tenth step is to cut small pieces of aluminum foil and place them inside the small metal box (on top of those small perforated areas). This will serve as a reflective surface, which will increase heat output from your small stove by reflecting it back into the small metal box. You can also use something like tin foil for this step, but the small metal box should be able to withstand higher temperatures.
  • The eleventh step is to cut an opening on one side of your small stove so that you can feed it wood from the outside (this will also serve as a place where sparks are released). You want about two inches wide by six inches tall – you can adjust the size accordingly.stove
  • The twelfth step is to place small pieces of small wood into your small stove, then light it up from underneath (this will create an updraft). It should take only a few minutes for small flames to start coming out of small metal box holes on both sides – this means that you are ready to go.
  • The thirteenth step is to feed small pieces of small wood into your small stove as it burns – this will keep the fire going, and you can adjust where flames are coming out by how far back you place the small pieces of small wood (this depends on what kind of ventilation system you use). You want a small amount of small flames coming out – not a small amount of smoke.
  • The fourteenth step is to add small pieces of small wood into your small stove when it’s running low, and you can also use this time to monitor the temperature inside the small metal box (with an oven thermometer or other device that will help). You want a maximum temperature of small degrees Fahrenheit – anything higher will start to decrease the lifespan of your small stove.
See also
Are Wood Burning Stoves Efficient?

Last Step: Congratulations! You’ve successfully built a small Wood Stove.

Materials Needed for Your Project

There are many different materials that you can use for small wood stove. The most common items include:

  • three bricks (or something similar to create the base of your small wood stove)
  • small block of clay
  • small bag of sand or dirt
  • tin snips and/or a rotary tool with cutting wheel
  • small metal bucket or small clay pot (for the stove pipe)
  • small piece of wire mesh to create a stand for your small wood stove if needed instead of using bricks.
  • drill and/or rotary tool with cutting wheel and sanding drum attachment. If you want to look into building the firebox step by step, see small wood stove plans.

The Process of Building the Wood Stove

In this section, we will discuss the process of building a small wood stove. There are many steps to complete but if you follow these instructions carefully, your small wood stove should be completed in no time at all!

The first step is to gather and prepare your materials:

  • scrap metal sheets (any kind)
  • small pieces of wood
  • small bricks of clay or stone
  • small pieces of fabric (the type used for clothing is a good choice)
  • small rocks that fit into the stove
  • they should not be too small as it will affect your fire. Your best bet would be to use stones between pebble and fist size, but bigger is fine if small rocks are not available.
  • small metal rods (these will be used for support inside the stove).

Once you have gathered your materials, begin by laying out a circle of bricks on the ground around where you want to place your wood stove. You can make this as small or large as desired but keep in mind the small stove will take less heat to heat up your small area so you can make it smaller. Make sure the bricks are sturdy and that they have room between them for air flow. We don’t want our fire smothered do we?

See also
How to vent a Wood Stove?

Next, lay out a layer of fabric over top of the brick circle with enough excess on each side to create a small tent on top of the bricks. This is where you will want to place your small pieces of scrap metal sheets, one at a time until they are all used up. The more metal there is in the stove, the hotter it will burn so if you have any larger or thicker sheets that can be cut into smaller sections then do so.

Next, place small rocks over the top of the metal sheets in a pattern that you like. You can use any type but round ones work best and they don’t need to be too small (if there is such thing as too small when it comes to stove building). Continue placing stones until all visible pieces of sheet metal are covered with small rocks.

Remember the small metal rods that you gathered?

Now it’s time to use them! Place one rod vertically in each corner of your small stove so they are securely positioned inside and won’t fall out anytime soon. You can place more around the circle for support but this is not necessary if small bricks or stones were used instead, just so long as the small metal rods are in place!

  • Place small pieces of wood (sticks work best) around your small stove starting from where you placed your vertical small steel rods. Make sure they lean on top of the small rocks and not under it or else there will be no room for air to enter, suffocating our fire before it has a chance to start!
  • Using small pieces of wood keeps our fire from getting too hot and it is a good way to keep the stove burning longer with less fuel.
  • You can also place small twigs around your small wood stove but make sure you don’t block up all the angles by placing them at random, there needs to be an open space for air to enter the small stove.
  • If you made your small wood stove out of bricks instead, then it will be easier to keep a fire going but because there is no way for airflow it may take longer before our small stove actually gets hot enough to start burning properly so don’t get discouraged if this happens!
  • Once you have placed your small sticks around your small wood stove, light them up and stand back because you have just created a small fire!
  • Make sure the air has enough room to move around by opening any doors or windows. You can also open the top of your small stove if it is made out of bricks instead but be careful as there will probably still be small pieces of hot charcoal or small rocks flying out so make sure to take precautions before opening it up.
  • Once the small stove has caught fire, you should leave the door open for a few minutes until it’s burning really well. Then close your small wood stove off by pushing sticks into place and then cover any openings with fabric that is not already being used to support small rock pieces.
  • Keep small sticks close by in case the small wood stove needs more fuel which it should for a couple minutes after being lit until it gets burning hot enough so that there will be no need for extra small sticks unless you are planning on keeping your fire going all night long!

Congratulations, you have just finished building your small wood stove!

Final Thoughts on Building a small Wood Stove

Before you decide to build a small wood stove, there are three things that should be considered: your location, the time of year and how much money you want to spend. In addition to those considerations it is important for you as an outdoor enthusiast or someone who wants more control over heating their home during power outages or other emergencies, which is why small wood stoves are the perfect type of stove for you to build.

Pros and Cons of Building your own Wood Stove vs buying one Pre-built

Building your own small Wood Stove can be a great project to do with friends or family. It is also cost effective and of course you will get the satisfaction that comes from creating something yourself!

There are some downsides to building it yourself though, for example if you make any mistakes when constructing it then there’s no warranty to cover your losses.

There are also some small things that you will need to build yourself, like the chimney and air intakes for example, which can be a bit fiddly! On the other hand though if there is anything wrong with it in future then you know where to point fingers – at no one but yourself!stove

Another thing to consider is that prebuilt small Wood Stoves can be of a better quality than ones you may build. This means they will last longer and so provide greater value for money in the long run. However, if you want something small or very specific then it’s always great to know how much effort goes into making small Wood Stoves and how you can do it yourself, if that’s what your budget allows for.

See also
What Is An Infrared Electric Fireplace?

So weigh up the pros and cons of small Wood Stoves to see which one is best for you!

Environmental Protection

First, lets get environmental protection out of the way. Wood stoves are not hurting the environment at all. In fact, they are reducing the harmful effects that have been caused by fossil fuels such as coal and oil. There are more benefits to using a small wood stove then there is negative aspects of it being in your home or business. If you are worried about the small wood stove affecting your electricity bill, don’t worry.

A small wood stove will not make a huge impact on it at all. It is estimated that you would have to use your small wood stove for over 50 hours before there was any difference in cost of using one or using an electric heater. After looking into everything involved with small wood stoves and how they affect the environment, you will most likely become a supporter of small wood stoves.

Safety Tips

  • Always wear protective gear when building a small wood stove. This includes safety glasses, gloves to protect your hands from sharp metal edges and steel wool, earmuffs if the small wood stove will be used for heating or cooking food at high temperatures.
  • When working with fire it is important to know how much heat you are exposed too. If the small wood stove is being used for heating make sure to check if it reaches a safe temperature.
  • Be aware of ventilation when building small wood stoves, they can cause dangerous gases to build up in confined spaces such as small rooms or garages. Make sure that fresh air enters these areas and exits them before working with your small wood stove.
  • Always make sure small wood stoves are on a level surface and do not tip over when heating or cooking food.


What is a small Wood Stove?

A small wood stove measures up to 12 in width. This size of small stove is suitable for heating smaller rooms, such as bedrooms or sunrooms. Also ideal for cabins and other small buildings that are not heated with forced air systems.

What are small Wood Stove dimensions?

Small wood stoves can be of any height, but the width is usually up to 12 in. Height varies according to different manufacturers and models. A small stove should never block a door or window. To provide optimal airflow, small stoves do not require an air duct system for installation purposes.

How small Wood Stoves are different from larger wood stoves?

A small stove has a smaller firebox, which means it will burn fuel more efficiently. Smaller fireboxes also make for easier loading and cleaning of the fireplace. A small stove is mobile, whereas larger ones cannot be moved around as easily due to their size.

How small Wood Stoves are different from fireplaces?

A small stove is an enclosed unit, whereas a fireplace typically has open sides. This allows for better insulation properties in the case of small stoves. Firebox size also dictates how much heat can be generated by the appliance. A small stove may not produce as much heat as a fireplace, but it is more efficient and easier to operate.

Do small Wood Stoves require a chimney?

Yes! Most small stoves will need to be connected to an existing or newly installed chimney system in order for the appliance to work correctly and safely. This makes sense as small stove appliances are meant to heat smaller areas and not the entire house.

How small Wood Stoves work?

The firebox of any small stove is small and can hold a smaller amount of wood than other stoves, but it works the same way. Firewood should always be dry and completely split before being used in an appliance such as this one to prevent risk of fire. Smaller pieces burn more efficiently and therefore help small stoves to heat smaller rooms.

Do small Wood Stoves require a flue?

Yes! The small stove will need a way for hot air to escape, which is why it needs to be connected with the chimney system. A small stove does not have an open flame so there's no risk of a chimney fire. The small stove works by warming up the air inside of it and then sending that hot air into the room or area where you want to heat.

Do small Wood Stoves have a blower?

No! A small wood stove is not connected with an electricity supply, so there's no need for a fan of any kind, unlike a small fan heater. However, small stoves may come with a pilot light that keeps the stove going and ready to heat at all times.

What does small Wood Stove mean?

A small wood stove is an enclosed unit used for heating smaller rooms or buildings such as cabins and sheds. These small stoves are more efficient than fireplaces and do not require forced air or electricity for operation. A small stove may also have a pilot light that keeps it going at all times, so you never need to worry about starting it up when you want to use the appliance.


A small wood stove can provide you with warmth and comfort during the cold winter months. It is also inexpensive to build making it a great project for beginner do-it-yourselfers. If you are ready to build your small wood stove, check out our step by step instructions below.